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  首頁 > 影音網>社論》民進黨完全執政的期中考
社論》民進黨完全執政的期中考

Peter Chou/BBC/LTN

[taiwanus.net]於2018-05-25 21:05:05上傳[]

 

社論》民進黨完全執政的期中考

兩年多前,受台灣人民付託,民進黨繼先前的九合一地方選舉大勝之後,再同時贏得國會及總統大選,實現歷來首次完全執政。如今,完全執政滿兩年,連日在評價蔡英文總統表現及台北市長提名的熱烈討論中,儘管還有半年的時間,一場檢驗民進黨主政的期中考試已然起跑。

期中考最受矚目的,對執政黨來說,當屬首都市長選舉。四年前因民進黨禮讓「白綠合作」而當選的柯文哲,在本土派支持者看來,素人不再,白色變調,好做媒體鏡頭前的即興演出,且三不五時出言侮慢綠營,悖離台灣社會的基本人情義理。這一基層的強大民意,逼使民進黨中央及「選對會」不得不自提人選。

情勢至此已很明顯,民進黨須全力求勝,沒有打馬虎眼的空間,眼前只有二選一。一是就黨內現有三位角逐者擇一提名。不論何者出線,提名一旦確定,選戰開打,其民調必水漲船高,且未必毫無勝算。另一方面,如考慮台北特殊選民結構、三足鼎立的戰局、帶動大選全面氣勢等要素,民進黨或需啟動徵召程序,提出最強、最可能勝選的大咖。

大咖之中,除了賴清德因閣揆換人「牽一髮動全身」或可例外,其餘選戰高手如經評估為最強棒且足以帶動全局,「戰士沒有選擇戰場的權利」,面對徵召理當義不容辭,挺身而出。執政黨最終如何決定,考驗它對民意的理解和掌握,攸關期中考的整體成敗。

半年後的大選投票既為期中考,台灣人民當然要檢驗執政當局兩年來的表現。整體而言,相較於前此馬英九的八年,民進黨顯已開動列車,讓台灣走向改革的正確道路,且在振興經濟、增強國防、抗拒中國、轉型正義、推動新南向都有具體作為。這些努力,讓「改革的總統」形象初步形成,完全執政的民進黨有機會打造不一樣的台灣。

不過,完全執政也出現不少令人詬病之處,且具體反映於民調;就職兩週年,蔡英文民調也未見起色。誠然,在包括年金改革之路,既得利益者必群起反彈,改革必有阻力和反彈;值得注意的是,即使在支持綠營的基本盤,身兼黨主席的第一位女總統,人氣也不高。箇中緣由,除了「改革必然得罪人」的想當然耳,應可歸因於兩年來的主政表現與預期落差不小。

政治人物及政黨要善解人民心聲。兩年前台灣人民以完全執政付託,固有民進黨的積極打拚,主要還是對馬英九及中國國民黨的極度不滿。人民望治心切,不僅期待改革求變,也寄望看到民進黨以總統加上國會的有力多數,放手施政,撥亂反治。

但是,從任用「老藍男」起,就讓許多人失望,「老藍男」甚至至今仍有位居要津者。公教年金改革原係為所當為,但過度遷就既得利益者,以致過程混亂,與公眾期待的完全執政效能相去甚遠。勞基法修正旨在落實週休二日,但缺乏彈性務實的法令未必能保障勞工權益,也不利經濟產業發展。主政者自認「進步」,卻搞到勞資政府沒有贏家,須一修再修,治絲益棼。人民的失望不只於內政,外交亦然。日本友人發起的「東京奧運為台灣正名」活動,國人響應熱烈,主政者卻淡然處之。我國宣稱要加入CPTPP或簽FTA,卻與中國同為禁止日本「核災」食品的唯二國家,且隨中國解禁在即,即將成「全球唯一」。同樣地,美豬問題該解而不決,美國連與我國談經貿投資架構(TIFA)的興趣都缺缺。日本首相安倍親善台灣、美國總統川普決策圈友台派群聚,台灣主政者卻不願以負責的態度說服公眾、積極解決問題,寧坐失與日美關係更上一層樓的良機;如此主政,領導魄力缺缺,人民豈能滿意?

完全執政滿兩年,從而正是謙卑解讀民意,誠心檢討與調整施政的時機;並以此正心誠意面對人民頭家,重新出發。距投票日還有半年,執政當局在此期間的政策及政務,理應積極有序推動,整個政府機器要上緊發條、協調有效運作,且強化公關及危機處理,增進與公眾溝通。把事情做對、做好,台灣人民及歷史不會吝於給予公平的論斷與評價。


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面險2018“期中考” 蔡政府打改革牌為選舉服務?

觀點:民進黨今年要面對的難題



台灣政治&外交-蔡英文政府期中考-NY市大學評議討論會-免費

台灣政治&外交-蔡英文政府期中考-NY市大學評議討論會-免費

This event is free and open to the public.RSVP to events@fpri.org.

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Taiwan’s Politics and External Relations: The Tsai Ing-wen / DPP Government at Midterm

05/17/2018 - 6:30 pm to 8:15 pm

Peter C.Y. Chow

Professor of Economics and Business, City University of New York

June Teufel Dreyer

Senior Fellow, Asia Program
Professor of Political Science, University of Miami

Shelley Rigger

Senior Fellow, Asia Program
Brown Professor of Political Science, Davidson College

Jacques deLisle

Director, Asia Program
Stephen A. Cozen Professor of Law and Political Science, University of Pennsylvania

In January 2016, voters in Taiwan elected Tsai Ing-wen—the second president from the Democratic Progressive Party and Taiwan’s first woman president—and for the first time gave the DPP a majority in Taiwan’s legislature. Tsai came to office in May 2016 with an ambitious agenda of economic revitalization, social and economic justice, stability in cross-Strait relations and progress in relations with the U.S., Japan and others.  Issues such as same-sex marriage, pension reform for employees of state institutions, and transitional justice (to address issues from the period of Kuomintang authoritarian rule before Taiwan’s democratization) were among the controversial issues facing the DPP-led government.  New pressures from Beijing to squeeze Taiwan’s international space (which limited Taiwan’s participation in UN-affiliated international organizations and reduced Taiwan’s number of diplomatic partners), uncertainty about U.S. policy under Donald Trump, and challenging prospects for Taiwan’s greater access to a liberal international trade and investment regime (especially with U.S. opting out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership) made for a challenging environment in external relations as well. 

Local elections will be held in November 2018.  Four years ago, sweeping losses by the then-ruling Kuomintang Party portended the DPP’s victory in 2016.  This year’s vote for city and county level officials will again be closely watched as a possible harbinger of Tsai’s and DPP’s prospects for retaining the presidency and the national legislature in 2020.

The Foreign Policy Research Institute will hold a panel discussion to assess these and other issues in Taiwan politics and external relations, featuring:

 

Peter C.Y. Chow is a Professor of Economics and Business at the City University of New York. Prior to his appointment at the City University of New York, he was on the faculty at the Berry College in Georgia (1976-1983), and Southeastern Louisiana University (1983-86). He was a visiting research fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University, and University of California at Berkeley, a visiting scholar at the Institute of Social Science and Philosophy in Academia Sinica in Taiwan, and a visiting professor at the National Taiwan University in Taiwan and Nagoya National University in Japan. Chow specializes in trade and development, with special interests in comparative development in latecomers to industrialization in the Asia-Pacific region. He is the author of Growth and Stability in a Small Open Economy, Trade: The Engine of Growth in East Asia, and Social Expenditures in Taiwan as well as numerous book chapters and journal articles. 

 

June Teufel Dreyer is a Senior Fellow in FPRI’s Asia Program as well as a member of the Orbis Board of Editors. She is Professor of Political Science at the University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida. Formerly senior Far East Specialist at the Library of Congress, she has also served as Asia policy advisor to the Chief of Naval Operations and as commissioner of the United States-China Economic and Security Review Commission established by the U.S. Congress. Her latest book is Middle Kingdom and Empire of the Rising Sun: Sino-Japanese Relations, Past and Present.

 

Shelley Rigger, Senior Fellow with FPRI’s Asia Program, is the Brown Professor of East Asian Politics at Davidson College in Davidson, North Carolina. She has a PhD in Government from Harvard University and a BA in Public and International Affairs from Princeton University. She has been a visiting researcher at National Chengchi University in Taiwan (2005) and a visiting professor at Fudan University in Shanghai (2006). Rigger is the author of two books on Taiwan’s domestic politics: Politics in Taiwan: Voting for Democracy (Routledge 1999) and From Opposition to Power: Taiwan’s Democratic Progressive Party (Lynne Rienner Publishers 2001), as well as Why Taiwan Matters (Rowman & Littlefield, 2011). 

 

Jacques deLisle is Director of FPRI’s Asia Program, Stephen A. Cozen Professor of Law, Professor of Political Science, Director of the Center for East Asian Studies and Deputy Directory of the Center for the Study of Contemporary China at the University of Pennsylvania. He specializes in Chinese politics and legal reform, U.S-China relations, cross-strait relations, and China’s engagement with the international legal order. He has numerous publications in FPRI's journal Orbis, and regularly publishes commentaries on Asian affairs as FPRI E-notes and in other media. His articles also have appeared in Journal of Contemporary China, Asia Policy, University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law, American Society of International Law Proceedings, among others. He is the co-editor of China’s Global Engagement, New Media, the Internet and a Changing China, Political Changes in Taiwan under Ma Ying-jeou and China’s Challenges.

 

Registration:

This event is free and open to the public.RSVP to events@fpri.org.

City University of New York
Martin E. Segal Theatre Center
365 5th Avenue
New York, NY, US, 10016

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