設為首頁  加入最愛網
會員中心 贊助提供 徵求志工 線上電台 優惠精品 合作夥伴 關於我們 連絡我們
 
         
  首頁 > 影音網>台灣啟航新紀元 Taiwan must prepare for new era
台灣啟航新紀元 Taiwan must prepare for new era

[轉載自:台北時報民報]

[謝鎮寬]於2019-02-16 20:02:02上傳[]

 





台灣啟航新紀元

揭開模糊面紗,我們豁然開朗,看到婀娜多姿、福爾摩沙嫚妙美麗的身影。原來台灣早在1895年4月17日被大清皇帝永久割讓給日本後,她就與中國恩斷義絕、毫無瓜葛,沒有任何從屬關係。

1951年9月5日,時任美國參議員後來出任國務卿的杜勒斯,於舊金山和平會議演講時,清楚地告知世人,因為當時國際社會動盪,以致太平洋戰爭之和平會議擔擱六年。

在當時沒有任何一個有足夠聲望和威權,可以代表中國來締結條約。該邀請誰,代表中華人民共和國的毛澤東,或中華民國的蔣介石?最後盟國進行,不需中國簽署達成和平協議,在條件上完全保障中國的權利和利益,而讓中國與日本去簽署他們的和平條約。

舊金山和平條約於1951年九月八日簽訂,隔年四月28日生效。日本於和約第二條b款,宣佈放棄對台澎之所有權利、名份與主張。第十條日本放棄,一切有關中國之特別權利與利益,它回溯至 1901年9月7日簽署於北京之辛丑條約條款、其附件、書簡與文件所衍生之對中國的利益與特權。第23條a款指定美國為主要佔領權國。第26條,授權日本依據與本和約相同條款,與中國簽訂雙邊和平條約,其內容與條款則完全遵循舊金山和平條約。

日本於1952年4月28日與中華民國簽訂台北條約,於當年8月5日生效,於1972年九月29日,因中日簽署聯合公報而終止。台北條約旨在結束中國戰場的戰爭,它沒有隻字片語提到,要將台灣領土主權,授予或轉交中華民國政府。無奈坊間有些江湖術士,總愛自吹自擂,說什麼日本向中華民國投降,並已將台澎領土主權,轉交中國,真是荒謬、鬼扯、不可思議。

更離譜的是中華民國外交部,「台灣的國際法地位說帖」,硬是睜眼說瞎話,指「中華民國於1941年12月9日對日本、德國與義大利等軸心國宣戰,並宣布中日之間一切條約、協定、合同一律廢止;《馬關條約》當然包括在內。

然而,這絕非事實。所謂的1943年開羅宣言,僅只是針對戰後日本領土範圍意向討論,他們只同意把日本領土局限於,本州、北海道、九州、四國及其他由盟軍所確定的島嶼。該同意已登錄於波茨坦宣言第八條,給予二度確認,日本於降伏文書同意,最後載入舊金山和平條約。蔣介石沒有出席波茨坦會議,根本沒有參與提案、討論或爭取堅持事項,僅事後簽名以示同意。

1943年12月1日中、美、英三國發表《開羅宣言》,具體要求戰後日本『須將竊自中國的東北四省、臺灣與澎湖歸還中華民國』。換言之,《波茲坦公告》第8條有關《開羅宣言》之條件必須貫徹實施,係日本於《降伏文書》中所承諾之事項,日本當然必須履行,將東北四省、臺灣、澎湖歸還中華民國。不論《開羅宣言》、《波茲坦公告》或《日本降伏文書》,中華民國均將之視為具有條約效力的法律文件。美國政府除將《開羅宣言》與《波茲坦公告》編入《美國條約及其他國際協定彙編》外,並將《日本降伏文書》收入《美國法規大全》。是以,就國際法而言,《開羅宣言》、《波茲坦公告》與《日本降伏文書》皆係具有約束力的法律文件。」

回顧歷史轉折,沒有任何法理文件可資證明,中華民國擁有台灣領土主權。

一月26日前美國在台協會處長司徒文,應邀到台圓文教基金會演講時指出,因為台灣不是中國的一部分,所以建議美方在提及有關台灣議題和政策時,不要引用一中這個名詞。

美國國會眾議院第116會期於一月22日跨黨派無異議通過提案Bill H.R. 353,要求美國國務卿研議策略,協助台灣重獲世界衛生組織(WHO)觀察員地位。

辜寬敏質疑美國的「維持現狀」是值得深思的議題,我們真的了解美國要維持什麼樣的現狀嗎?不要忘了,美國的對台政策始終繫於美中三個聯合公報、指明中華人民共和國是唯一被承認代表中國的政府,及台灣關係法、正式否認中華民國、台灣不是中華民國,因它斷絕台灣參與國際的通路。原來躲在中華民國包袱下,台灣只是作賤自己,永遠無法昂首闊步邁向國際。

現在美國已逐步要捲起,那層阻隔台灣戰後,應有國際地位模糊面紗的時刻,要盡主要佔領權國之責,幫助台灣參與WHO等國際組織,台灣人民是否已經準備就緒?或還要死抱,那海市塵樓華麗不實、中華民國流亡政府?

台灣想要參與國際,就必須勇敢地走出中華民國,向中華人民共和國霸凌說不,拿出堅強的意志,來承擔義務與責任。制定台灣新憲,確定擁有台灣領土主權,才能走向那嶄新耀眼的世界。

謝鎮寬
加州、海沃


民報
揭開模糊面紗

TAIPEI TIMES
Home / Editorials
Sun, Feb 17, 2019 - Page 6 
Taiwan must prepare for new era
By John Hsieh 謝鎮寬

Lift the veil of ambiguity and we will suddenly become bright and cheerful to notice the graceful and beautiful figure of Formosa. It turns out that Taiwan was permanently ceded to Japan by the Qing Emperor on April 17, 1895. There was no affiliation between the two.

On Sept. 5, 1951, John Dulles — then a former US senator who would later become US secretary of state — spoke at the San Francisco Peace Conference. He clearly informed the world that the Pacific War had been prolonged for six years because of the awkward environment in the international community.

There was no general agreement on a single Chinese voice with the right and the power to bind the Chinese nation to terms of peace. Who should be invited, Mao Zedong’s (毛澤東) People’s Republic of China (PRC) or Chiang Kai-shek’s (蔣介石) Republic of China (ROC)? The final choice for the Allied Powers was to proceed to achieve peace without any Chinese signature, leaving China and Japan to make their own peace, on terms that would guarantee full protection of the rights and interests of China.

The San Francisco Peace Treaty was signed on Sept. 8, 1951, and entered into force on April 28, 1952. In Article 2b of the treaty, Japan renounced all right, title and claim to Taiwan and the Pescadores. In Article 10, Japan renounced all special rights and interests in China, including all benefits and privileges resulting from the provisions of the final protocol signed in then-Peking on Sept. 7, 1901, and all annexes, notes and documents. Article 23a designated the US Military Government as the principal occupying power. Article 26 authorized Japan to sign a bilateral peace treaty with China on the same terms as provided in the San Francisco Peace Treaty.

Japan signed the Treaty of Taipei with the ROC on April 28, 1952, which took effect on Aug. 5 of that year and was terminated on Sept. 29, 1972, due to a joint communique issued by China and Japan. The Treaty of Taipei aimed to end the war in the Chinese theater. There was no word on whether Taiwan’s territorial sovereignty should be granted or transmitted to the ROC. However, there are idiots who always love to boast, saying that Japan surrendered to the ROC and transferred territorial sovereignty of Taiwan under the Treaty of Taipei; it is really an unbelievable fantasy.

What is even more ridiculous is the Ministry of Foreign Affairs saying at the time that “the ROC declared war against Japan, Germany and Italy on Dec. 9, 1941,” and announced that all treaties, agreements and contracts between China and Japan would be abolished, including the Treaty of Shimonoseki, of course. 

However, that is not true at all. The so-called 1943 Cairo Declaration was only a discussion of intention about Japan’s territory after the war — the only agreement reached was to limit it to Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku and other islands determined by the Allies. It was reconfirmed in Article 8 of the Potsdam Proclamation, the Japanese Instrument of Surrender and the San Francisco Peace Treaty. Chiang did not attend the Potsdam meeting and did not participate in the document’s creation, nor did he discuss or fight for what he wanted only signing afterward to show consent. 

Looking back at history, there is no legal document to prove that the ROC controls Taiwan’s territorial sovereignty.

On Jan. 26, former American Institute in Taiwan director William Stanton was invited to speak at the Taiyuan Culture and Education Foundation. He said that as Taiwan is not part of China, it is recommended that the US should not quote the term “one China” when referring to Taiwanese issues and policies.

On Jan. 22, H.R. 353 was passed by the US Congress’ 116th session with bipartisan support and no objections. The bill asks the US secretary of state to discuss strategies to help Taiwan regain observer status in the WHO.

The US has now gradually rolled up the veil of ambiguity that has obscured Taiwan’s legal status since World War II. It will act as the principal occupying power of Taiwan, helping the nation enter the international community, but are we ready? Do Taiwanese still want to tightly hold on to the imaginary nation of the ROC’s government in exile?

If Taiwan wants to participate in the international arena, we must bravely walk out of the ROC, say no to the PRC’s bullying and, with strong will, bear the obligations and responsibilities. Only by first drafting a new constitution and securing territorial sovereignty will we walk into a new era in a dazzling world.

John Hsieh is the founder of the Asian-American Federation of California for Asian Festival and the Taiwanese Chamber of Commerce of the San Francisco Bay Area. He lives in Hayward, California.

Advertisements