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縱橫論述台灣歷史 Review Taiwan History

[轉載自:民報]

[謝鎮寬]於2022-07-06 13:07:07上傳[]

 





縱橫論述台灣歷史
Review the History of Taiwan

當日座談主講綱要

美西時間2022年6月26日傍晚6-8pm,筆者應台灣建國正名制憲、國際線上研討會策劃人江文基會長之邀,以「二戰後台灣歷史」為題,提出我個人的論述與看法。演講內容大約分成幾個大綱:1、正名:台灣要正何名?2、美台:美台有何關係?3、簡歷:國際關係研究。4、歷史:台灣五百年史。5、美西:美西戰爭和約。6、二戰:二次大戰和約。7、俄烏:俄烏戰爭啟示。8、結語:台灣不屬中國。http://taiwanus.net/news/press/2022/202206240139041656.htm

劉重義博士的評論

當天演講獲得大多數與會者的認同,當然也有不同的意見。台灣知名的意見領袖、劉重義博士提出他個人的看法說:「1.獨立為何是,要從一個國家出走才叫獨立?它應該是由自己想要當主體,不受人控制,這就叫獨立。日本在幕府後期,當時沒有被人佔領,進入明治維新,日本先賢們要求獨立,就獨立了。現在有人咬文嚼字、很奇快。獨立就是台灣人不受外來強權,用外來的玩意來控制,台灣人要獨立自主。2.到現在美國政府,自舊金山和約後,對台灣沒有任何權力,不要再扯什麼主要佔領區?剛才所言波多黎各、古巴、菲律賓,這些都是西班牙在條約上,有明文割讓交給美國。但條約上沒有任何條文說,要把台灣交給美國;而且美國自戰後,也沒有claim對台灣的權利。美國對台灣的干涉,是基於它的國家利益,說句不好聽就是帝國主義,就像普丁干涉烏克蘭一樣,這是國際強權的現實。台灣人自己要獨立自主,自己當主人,主體性要掌握住。不要一天到晚,說什麼美國軍政府?到聯邦政府去查,根本就不是這回事,沒這個東西,真是讓人懷疑。3.中國要打台灣,不會去管是要打中華民國、還是台灣,他要打就是台灣這塊土地。國際法沒有說打中華民就合法,打台灣就非法,美國不會如此去分,沒這回事,不要咬文嚼字來confuse 咱自己。我坦白說,拜登說得這麼強,其實美國智庫都知道,中國將於2027完成軍事現代化,原預定2035,現在提早。拉回2027一旦完成軍事現代化,美國要介入台灣就很困難。美國趁現在有優勢時就說大話,現實是像在伊拉克、阿富汗,看情勢不對,就摸摸鼻子走人。必須知道今天美國,對我說啥都沒啥路用。今天台灣人最要緊地,就是趕快把台灣獨立起來,來控制台灣的安全與國防。今天最大的問題是,台灣人無法控制安全與國防,因為控制者是支那人、不是台灣人。台灣要獨立,要抓住重點,不要去想一些有的沒的。」

劉重義是美國俄亥俄州、州立大學數學博士,長期關心台灣獨立運動,精神可嘉,也深受社會
大眾的肯定。但他在當天的發言,卻似是而非、值得商榷。現在就容我逐一將其立論標舉、來
請教博士詳細討論。

第一【獨立】

劉博士說,獨立為何需要從一個國家走出來,只需要自己想要主體當家作主,就是獨立。他以日本為例,日本先賢下定決心,走出幕府就獨立了。然而事實,並非如他所說。獨立戰爭當,是指要從一個國家走出來的戰爭,所以才叫獨立戰爭。至於他所說,只要台灣人想要當家作主,就可以成為一個新而獨立的國家,那是建國、不是獨立。他似乎把建國說成了獨立,這正是我演講中,一再重復強調的重點。因為台灣不屬於中國,所以不需要向中國要求獨立,台灣所欠缺的是建國,而不是獨立。二戰後新誕生的國家,多半是脫離原宗主國,而獨立成新國家。台灣不屬於中國,當然不需要向中國要求獨立。台灣目前雖有民選的政府,而且由台灣人自己當家作主,卻仍然不被承認為,一個新而獨立的國家為啥米?事實擺在眼前,目前台灣連世衛大會WHA、世衛組織WHO都進不去,枉論聯合國UN,還早得很呢!

第二【美國軍政府】

劉博士說,美國自舊金山和約後,對台灣沒有任何權利,也從沒聽說美國對台灣宣示主權或佔領;從聯邦政府,也查不到美國軍政府。這一連串的問題,似乎告訴我們,在他的認知裡,台灣只與中國,中華民國或中華人民共和國有關,與美國毫無瓜葛。但美國國會卻制訂一個,屬於美國國內法的台灣關係法,來規範台美往來架構,其法源當然是指舊金山和平條約。美國在和約中被授權,指定為台灣的主要佔領權國。如果舊金山和約還不夠清楚,那不訪上網去聽聽,2009年2月5日在華府特區、美國聯邦上訴法庭的言詞辯論影音檔https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h0BokP6ggQk

1898年當時與美國並肩作戰,反抗西班牙的古巴革命軍,雖然贏得戰爭勝利,但並沒有即刻受到美國政府,立即承認為古巴政府,而是一直等到美國國會通過柏萊特修正案Platt Amendment後,才於1902年5月20日成為擁有主權獨立國家。菲律賓也是等到1934年3月24日,美國國會通過泰丁馬達屝法案,准予十年後獨立,才於1946年7月4日獨立,後來改為6月12日是菲律賓獨立日。美國國會雖然有通過台灣關係法,類似泰丁馬達費法案,但卻仍未定出何時要讓台灣,成為一個新而獨立的國家。美國軍事政府當然存在於美國聯邦政府,如果劉博士仍然無法找到,可致函美國聯邦法院查詢。

第三【國共內戰殘局】

劉博士認為,中國一但出兵就是去打台灣,他才不管是中華民國、還是台灣。其實這才正是,問題的癥結所在;因為,今日台灣不是國共內戰殘局,而是美國在西太平洋未完成的事務。依據聯合國2758號決議,中華民國已於:1971年10月25日正式被中華人民共和國繼承。國際社會承認,世界上只有一個中國,而中華人民共和國是中國唯一合法的政府,同時即刻驅逐,蔣介石派駐於聯合國及其所有附屬組織的代表。因此如果中華人民共和國一旦出兵,攻打中華民國時,那只是中國的家內事,國際社會是愛莫能助。美國也早在三個聯合公報裡,承認一中。然而,美國與國際社會,早就確認台灣不屬於中國,而且台灣關係法也白紙黑字告知世人,台灣不是中華民國。現在劉博士卻說,中國才不管你是台灣還是中華民國,其實這正是眉角所在;你不在乎,但美國在乎、國際社會在乎、台灣人在乎、公理正義更在乎。

第四【美國承諾保衛台灣】

劉博士說,美國是現實的帝國主義,趁現在還有軍事優勢時就說大話,一旦情勢惡化像在伊拉克、阿富汗,看情勢不對、就拍拍屁股、阿婆浪港。其實,美國自1951年被舊金山合約,授權為台灣的主要佔領權國以來,始終善盡職責。不管是民主黨、或共和黨主政,維護台灣安危,是唯一跨黨派沒有爭執的議題。拜登總統於2021 年 11 月 16 日說:「獨立,自己做決定。我們一向如此,根本不會改變我們的政策。 […] 他們必須做出決定,他們是台灣,而不是我們。 我們不鼓勵獨立。 我們鼓勵他們完全按照《台灣法案》的要求行事。」2022 年 5 月 23 日,拜登總統說:「美國將進行軍事干預以保衛台灣。是的,這是我們做出的承諾。 我們贊同一中政策, 我們簽署了它。 所有附帶的協議[都是]從那裡制定出來的。 但是,想靠使用武力,是行不通,根本不可行。」

綜觀上述劉博士的四段論,可以看出他處心積慮要,「否定軍事佔領、否定舊金山和約、否定美台關係承諾、鼓勵台擺脫美國自主安全防衛」。這其實是一套非常危險,似是而非的思考模式。因為他:

第一【拿著綠旗反綠旗】

劉博士錯誤地把人民主權,當成領土主權、或國家主權。他說日本沒有被人佔領,只經過明治維新,就獨立成為一個國家。台灣目前也沒有被人佔領,只要經過民主化,就應該是個獨立的國家。他完全跳脫台灣歷經二次世界大後,自1945年9月2日被麥克阿瑟將軍,以第一號軍令宣布實施的軍事佔領。誤以為台灣,自1996年後所推展的民主化,就已經進化成一個主權獨立的國家。其實台灣目前所擁有的,就是一般俗稱的人民主權Popular Sovereignty,那是基本人權的一環,而不是國際社會所要求的領土主權Territorial Sovereignty 、或國家主權National Sovereignty。因為日本政府並沒有,將她所擁有的台灣主權,移交給業已是流亡的中華民國政府,或尚位建立的台灣國政府。主權是歸代表全體國民的政府所擁有,而不是歸屬於任和一個個人。

第二【跳脫國際條約】

劉博士,不但博學,而且多聞。唯不知,他是依哪一個法理論述,來否定舊金山合約,給予二戰後台灣主要佔領權國、美國的授權。要知道美國聯邦上訴法院巡迴法官布郎,於2009年2月5日的言詞辯論庭,就曾說舊金山合約至今有效,而且國際和平條約約束力,是相當於美國憲法的位階。而今,劉博士卻說,美國對台灣沒有任何權益。或許他說對了,美國對台沒有任何權利,而只有義務。

第三【低估美國防衛台灣承諾】

劉博士說,一旦中國完成軍事現代化,美國就會像在阿富汗和伊拉克戰爭一樣,摸摸鼻子兩手一攤走人。這確實非常危言聳聽、嚴重的誤導和扭曲。因為台灣關係法是,美國國會制定的國內法,美國總統當然有義務去執行,來防衛台灣的安危。況且美國現任總統,也正面答覆詢問,一旦中國武力侵略台灣,美國必然出兵防禦保護,因為這是美國的承諾。

觀察報專欄記者麥克李察遜(Michael Richardson - A freelance journalist and independent political consultant of Examiner.com)曾於2009年6月6日再一次專題演講中說:台灣是美國二戰後在西太平洋尚未完成的一項任務America‘s unfinished business in Taiwan。(請參閱演講紀錄 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZvBz9gKQbzk&list=PLniqxcmHbuNz6R5i9mUk6jNCXPvv-1uyr&index=3

第四【切斷美日後的台獨很危險】

劉博士說,美國靠不住,台灣最要緊的是獨立。但,歷史告訴我們,1975年東帝汶自行宣布獨立,第二年就被印尼併吞。最近俄羅斯頻頻促動克里米亞、頓巴斯克、魯甘斯克脫離烏克蘭,宣布獨立,緊接著就將它們納入俄羅斯版圖。現在卻有人積極鼓吹,高調唱說美日不可靠,要台灣儘早切斷美日,加緊腳步宣布獨立。接下來呢,不言可喻。

台灣的安危是公領域,任何關心台灣未來前途的人士,都不能等閒視之、置之度外。過去人類歷史,確實有許多可以借鏡參考之處。從美西戰爭、二次大戰、俄烏戰爭,到隨時即將引爆的台海戰爭,我們可以從巴黎和約、舊金山和約,來探索台灣應採取的因應之道。有道是理愈辯愈明,或許劉博士還有更淵博深奧的見解,希望他能不吝指教,提出分享。

2014年12月26日,我曾在台北時報寫了一篇A history lesson is required歷史課題:古巴、美國、台灣。或許仍有值得參考之處。http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/editorials/archives/2014/12/26/2003607608/1

歷史課題:古巴、美國、台灣

1898年12月10日西班牙和美國簽署了巴黎條約,其中第一條 - 西班牙放棄對古巴的所有權益。第二條 - 西班牙割讓波多黎各和關島給美國。第三條 - 西班牙割讓菲律賓給美國。

1898年4月21日,美國為了幫古巴革命軍反對西班牙殖民壓迫,於是對西班牙宣戰。古巴革命軍已與西班牙交戰多年,但美國介入古巴國內衝突,意味著他們成為與革命軍併肩作戰的盟軍。美國沒有保留中立的餘地,因此,國內衝突擴大成全面戰爭。

1898年4月20日,美國國會泰勒法案允許古巴人日後獨立,因此,美國有義務幫古巴建議共和國。美國在古巴成立美國軍事政府,戰後美國被任命為主要佔領權國。1898年巴黎條約,西班牙把古巴交給美國軍事政府,而不是任何古巴共和國。1901年3月2日美國國會簽署普拉特修正案,古巴共和國終於1902年5月20日獲得正式獨立。

1959年古巴革命後,美國和古巴的關係惡化,1961年1月3日美國與古巴政府斷交。

1962年10月22日,甘迺迪總統通告所有美國人,有關蘇俄佈署核導彈的存在事實,說明他決定對古巴進行海上封鎖,並明確表達美國準備動用武力,來消除這種潛在對國家安全的威脅。災難是可以避免的時候,最後在美國同意蘇聯領導人赫魯雪夫提議,撤除古巴導彈以換取美國承諾不入侵古巴,危機終告化解。甘迺迪事後也悄悄地同意,從土耳其去除美國的導彈。

上週2014年12月17日,奧巴馬總統和卡斯楚總統宣布,美國和古巴開始進行外交關係正常化的運作。它結束兩造53年來的敵對關係。該宣佈受到美國和古巴大多數人的歡迎和支持。

古巴面積,42426平方英里的領土,大約是比台灣是13974平方英里的三倍左右。台灣人口23373517人,大約是古巴11167325人的兩倍左右。台灣和古巴有相同的歷史背景,都是被前政府經由和平條約放棄,交給美國軍事政府。

一直到今天,根據舊金山和平條約第4條B款和23條,美國軍事政府仍是台灣的主要佔領權國。台灣人為古巴與美國恢復外交承認而高興。但是,我們很遺憾台灣地位,至今被美國政府所忽視。

1950年6月27日杜魯門總統發表聲明,結尾「台灣未來地位必須等待太平洋安定,日本和平獲得解決,或聯合國考量時。」現在,與日本和平已於1952年舊金山和平條約生效時底定,而舊金山和約指定美國軍事政府,為台灣主權過度時期擁有者,仍維持不變。

中美三個聯合公報和台灣關係法,總是一再地被引述為美國對台問題的政策。美國已明確地以書面文件把中國和台灣分開。中國,一中關鍵問題目前的答案是中華人民共和國。而台灣關係法已明文標示,台灣不是中華民國。遺憾的是,大多數的台灣人仍認為,台灣是中華民國,中華民國就是台灣。那樣的虛幻錯覺,已陷台灣被聯合國排除會籍,並淪為國際社會唯一的政治孤兒。

台灣公民意識已在最近的地方選舉甦醒,希望年輕一代能夠深入探討,台灣國際地位的核心問題。現在是該是把台灣和中華民國劃清界線的時候,把台灣和中國交割清楚的時候。我們也呼籲,提醒奧巴馬總統,美國在台灣還有未完成的事務,希望他可以在他總統任期結束前把它完成。

謝鎮寬
加州、海沃


民報
【專文】縱橫論述台灣歷史
2022/07/01、14:26 謝鎮寬 (加州、海沃)

Review the history of Taiwan

On June 26, 2022, 6-8pm in the evening, I was invited by Douglas Chiang, founder of the forum of Taiwan new-name, new constitution, and new nation to speak on an online seminar. My topic was to review the history of Taiwan after WWII. The content of my speech is roughly divided into several outlines: 1. Rectifying name: What is the right name for Taiwan? 2. The US-Taiwan: What is the relationship between the US and Taiwan? 3. Resume: International Relations Studies. 4. History: Five hundred years of Taiwan history. 5, the US and Spain: the Spanish-American War Peace Treaty. 6. WWII: WWII and SFPT. 7. Russia and Ukraine: the impact of the Russia-Ukraine War. 8. Conclusion: Taiwan is not a part of China.

The speech that day was recognized by most of the participants, although there were of course different opinions. Dr. Ted Lau, a well-known opinion leader in Taiwan, put forward his personal comments and said: "1. Why is independence needed to walk away from a nation? It should be the subject of one's own desire and not be controlled by others. This is called independence. In the late Shogunate, Japan was not occupied at that time. It entered the Meiji Restoration. The Japanese sages demanded independence, and they became independent. Now some people created their own words to interpreter and miss the point. Independence means that Taiwanese are not controlled by foreign powers and foreign laws. Taiwanese simply want to be their own master. 2. Now the US government has no power over Taiwan since the San Francisco Peace Treaty. Don't talk about the principal occupying areas. Puerto Rico, Cuba, and the Philippines just mentioned, these were all written in Spanish treaties ceded to the US. But there is no clause in the treaty that says that Taiwan should be handed over to the US; and the US has never claimed its rights to Taiwan since the war. The US' interference in Taiwan is based on its national interests, he said. A bad sentence is imperialism, just like Putin’s interference in Ukraine. This is the reality of international power. The Taiwanese must be independent, be their own masters, and master their subjectivity. Don’t talk about the USMG all day long? Go through the federal government, this is not the case at all. Without this thing, it is suspicious. 3. If China wants to attack Taiwan, it will not care whether it wants to attack the ROC or Taiwan. They just want to take over Taiwan. International law does not say that it is legal to attack the ROC, but it is illegal to attack Taiwan. China will complete its military modernization in 2027. It was originally scheduled for 2035, but now it speeds up. Once the military modernization is completed in 2027, it will be very difficult for the US to intervene in Taiwan. Once the situation is not right, the US will simply touch nose and walk away. You must know that today the US is nothing to me. The most important thing for Taiwanese people today is to be independent and control Taiwan's security and national defense. Today's biggest problem with Taiwan is that the Taiwanese cannot control security and national defense, because it was controlled by Chinese, not Taiwanese. For Taiwan to be independent, we must focus on the key points, and don’t think about what is or is not.”

Ted Lau is a Ph.D. in mathematics from Ohio State University, USA. He has long been involved the Taiwan independence movement. He is a public opinion leader. However, his comment on that day was specious and debatable. Now allow me to go through it one by one with you.

1st [Independence]

Dr. Lau said, why does independence need to come out of a country, if you want the subject to be the master of the country, that is independence. He took Japan as an example. The Japanese sages made up their minds to become independent after stepping out of the shogunate. However, the truth is not what he said. The Independence Wars of course, refer to the war to come out of a country, so it is called the War of Independence. As for what he said, if the Taiwanese want to be the masters of the country, they can become a new and independent country. That is to build a nation, not independence. He seems to refer to build a nation as independence, which is what I have repeatedly emphasized in my speech. Because Taiwan does not belong to China, there is no need to ask China for independence. What Taiwan lacks is statehood, not independence. Most of the newly born countries after WWII broke away from the original suzerain and became independent countries. Taiwan does not belong to China, and of course there is no need to ask China for independence. Although Taiwan currently has a democratically elected government and the Taiwanese are the masters of the country, it is still not recognized as a new and independent country. Why? The facts are right in front of us. At present, Taiwan cannot even enter the WHA or WHO. It is still too early to talk about the United Nations.

2nd [US military government]

Dr. Lau said that since the San Francisco Peace Treaty, the US has no rights over Taiwan, and has never heard of the US claiming sovereignty or occupation of Taiwan; from the federal government, there is no USMG. This series of questions seems to tell us that in his perception, Taiwan is only related to China, the ROC or the PRC, and has nothing to do with the US. However, the US Congress has enacted a Taiwan Relations Act, which belongs to the domestic law of the US, to regulate the structure of exchanges between Taiwan and the US. The source of the law is of course the San Francisco Peace Treaty. The US was authorized in the treaty as the principal occupying power of Taiwan. If the SFPT is not clear enough, then why not visit the Internet to listen to the audio and video file of the oral argument in the US Federal Court of Appeals in Washington, DC on February 5, 2009 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h0BokP6ggQk.

In 1898, the Cuban Revolutionary Army, which fought side by side with the US against Spain, won the war, but was not immediately recognized by the US as the Cuban government, but waited until the US Congress passed the Platt Amendment. It became a sovereign independent country on May 20, 1902. The Philippines also waited until March 24, 1934, when the U.S. Congress passed the Tydings-McDuffie Act, granting independence ten years later, and then after WWII became independent on July 4, 1946, and later changed to June 12 as the Philippine Independence Day. Although the U.S. Congress has passed the Taiwan Relations Act, like the Tydings-McDuffie Act, it has not yet decided when it will make Taiwan a new and independent country. The U.S. military government of course exists in the U.S. federal government. If Dr. Lau still cannot be found, he can write a request to the U.S. federal court for inquiries.

3rd [Endgame of the Civil War between KMT and CCP]

Dr. Lau believes that once China sends troops to attack Taiwan, he does not care whether it is the ROC or Taiwan. In fact, this is exactly the crux of the problem; because Taiwan today is not the end of the civil war between the KMT and the CCP, but an unfinished business of the US in the Western Pacific. According to UN Resolution 2758, the ROC was officially succeeded by the PRC on October 25, 1971. The international community recognizes that there is only one China in the world, and the PRC is the sole legitimate government of China, and at the same time immediately expels the representative of Chiang Kai-shek to the UN and all its affiliated organizations. Therefore, if the PRC once sent troops to attack the ROC, it would be counted as China's domestic affair, and the international community would be helpless. The US has also recognized one China as early as in the three joint communiques. However, the US and the international community have long confirmed that Taiwan does not belong to China, and the Taiwan Relations Act also informs the world in black and white that Taiwan is not the ROC. Now Dr. Lau says that China doesn't care whether you are Taiwan or the ROC. In fact, this is where your eyebrows lie; you don't care, but the US cares, the international community cares, Taiwanese care, and the justice cares more.

4th [The US commits to defend Taiwan]

Dr. Lau said that the US is a real imperialist. It speaks loudly when it still has military superiority. Once the situation deteriorates, as in Iraq and Afghanistan, if the situation is not right, it will pat on the buttocks and walk away. In fact, the US has always fulfilled its duties since it was authorized by the SFPT in 1951 as the principal occupying power of Taiwan. Regardless of whether the Democratic Party or the Republican Party is in power, maintaining Taiwan's security is the only issue that is not disputed across parties. President Biden said on November 16, 2021: “Its independence, it makes its own decisions. Nothing happens, we’re not going to change our policy at all. […] They have to decide, they Taiwan, not us. And we are not encouraging independence. We’re encouraging that they do exactly what the Taiwan Act requires.” On May 23, 2022, President Biden said: “Yes, That’s the commitment we made. We agree with the ‘one China’ policy. We signed on to it. All the attendant agreements [were] made from there. But the idea that that can be taken by force, just taken by force. It’s just not, it’s just not appropriate.”

Reviewing over Dr. Lau's syllogisms above, it’s clear that he deliberately wanted to “deny the military occupation, deny the SFPT, deny the commitment to the relationship between the US and Taiwan, and encourage Taiwan to get rid of the US and look for independence and secure safety and defense by itself.” This is actually a very dangerous, paradoxical way of thinking. because of him:

1st [hold the green flag against the green flag]

Dr. Lau mistakenly regards popular sovereignty as territorial sovereignty or national sovereignty. He said that Japan was not under occupation, and that it became an independent country only after the Meiji Restoration. Taiwan has not been occupied yet. If it is democratized, it should be an independent country. He completely ignored that Taiwan was a defeat land in WWII, and since September 2, 1945, General MacArthur announced the implementation of the military occupation with the General Oder No. 1. Mistakenly, Taiwan has evolved into a sovereign and independent country since its democratization after 1996. In fact, what Taiwan currently has is what is commonly known as Popular Sovereignty, which is a part of basic human rights, not the Territorial Sovereignty or National Sovereignty required by the international community. Because the Japanese government has never transferred over the sovereignty of Taiwan she has to the government of the ROC exiled government, or the government of the Taiwan State that is not established yet. Sovereignty belongs to the government representing all the people, not to any one individual.

2nd [Ignored the International Treaties]

Dr. Lau is not only erudite, but also knowledgeable. But I don't know which legal theory he used to deny the SFPT, and the authorization given to the principal occupying power of Taiwan after WWII, the US. You must know that the U.S. Court of Appeals Circuit Judge Brown, in the oral argument on February 5, 2009, once verified that the SFPT is still in effect and that the binding force of international peace treaties is equivalent to the rank of the U.S. Constitution. Now, Dr. Lau said, the US has no rights and interests in Taiwan. Maybe he's right, the US has no rights over Taiwan, but only obligations.

3rd [Underestimating the US commitment to defend Taiwan]

Dr. Lau said that once China completes its military modernization, the US will walk away just like it did in the Afghanistan and Iraq wars. This is indeed very alarmist, grossly misleading and distorted. Because the TRA is a domestic law enacted by the U.S. Congress, the president of the US is of course obliged to implement it to protect Taiwan's safety. Moreover, the incumbent President Biden responded positively to the inquiry. Once China invades Taiwan by force, the US will inevitably send troops to defend and protect it, because this is the commitment of the US. Michael Richardson, a freelance journalist, and independent political consultant of Examiner.com once said in a keynote speech on June 6, 2009: Taiwan is America's unfinished business in Taiwan after World War II. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZvBz9gKQbzk&list=PLniqxcmHbuNz6R5i9mUk6jNCXPvv-1uyr&index=3)

4th [Taiwan cut ties with the US and Japan is very dangerous]

Dr. Lau said that the US is unreliable, and the most important thing for Taiwan is independence. However, history tells us that East Timor declared independence on its own in 1975 and was annexed by Indonesia the following year. Recently, Russia has continuously promoted Crimea, Donetsk, and Luhansk to secede from Ukraine and declared independence, and then incorporated them into the territory of Russia. Now, some people are actively advocating that the US and Japan are unreliable, and that Taiwan should cut off relations with the US and Japan as soon as possible and step up its steps to declare independence. Now, you get the points.

Taiwan's security is a public domain, and anyone who cares about Taiwan's future should not take it lightly or ignore it. In the past human history, there are indeed many things that can be used for reference. From the Spanish-American War, the WWII, the Russian-Ukrainian War, to the Taiwan Strait war that is about to explode at any time, we can explore the measures that Taiwan should take from the Paris Peace Treaty and the SFPT.

The truth is that the more the argument is made, the clearer it is. Perhaps Dr. Lau has more profound and profound insights. I hope he can give advice and share.

On December 26, 2014, I wrote an article “A history lesson is required” in the Taipei Times, it talks about Cuba, America, Taiwan. Maybe it is still good for references.
TAIPEI TIMES
A history lesson is required

On Dec. 10, 1898, Spain and the US signed the Treaty of Paris and according to Article I, Spain relinquished all claim of sovereignty over and title to Cuba. With Article II Spain ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the US, and with Article III ceded the Philippines to the US.

On April 21, 1898, the US declared war on Spain to aid the Cuban insurgency against Spanish colonial oppression. The Cuban insurgency had been raging for many years, but the US entrance into the domestic conflict meant that they were also co-belligerents of the Cuban insurgency. There was no American neutrality to be preserved and thus the conflict widened beyond a domestic conflict into a full-fledged war.

On April 20, 1898, the Teller Resolution promised Cuba independence and thus the US was obligating itself to a Cuban republic. With the establishment of the US Military Government on Cuba, it became the principle occupying authority. The Treaty of Paris had Spain cede Cuba to the occupying government, not any Cuban republic. US Congress signed the Platt Amendment on March 2, 1901, and the Republic of Cuba gained formal independence on May 20, 1902.

After the Cuban Revolution in 1959, relations between the US and Cuba deteriorated, and on Jan. 3, 1961, the US withdrew diplomatic recognition of the Cuban government.

On Oct. 22, 1962, then-US President John F. Kennedy notified Americans about the presence of Russian nuclear missiles, explained his decision to enact a naval blockade around Cuba and made it clear that the US was prepared to use military force if necessary to neutralize this perceived threat to national security. A disaster was avoided when the US agreed to then-Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev’s offer to remove the missiles in exchange for a US promise not to invade Cuba. Kennedy also secretly agreed to remove US missiles from Turkey.

On Dec. 17, US President Barack Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro announced the beginning of a process to normalize relations between the US and Cuba. It ends 53 years of hostile relations. The announcement has been welcomed and supported by most Americans and Cubans.

Cuba’s 109,884km2 of territory is about three times larger than Taiwan. Taiwan’s population of more than 23 million is about twice that of Cuba. The two nations share an almost identical history, being relinquished by a peace treaty to the US Military Government.

Even today, the US military is still the principal occupying power of Taiwan under Articles 4b and 23 of the San Francisco Peace Treaty. Taiwanese are happy for the Cuban restoration of diplomatic recognition by the US, but they are sorry that Taiwan’s status is continually ignored by Washington.

On June 27, 1950, then-US president Harry Truman issued a statement that ended with: “The determination of the future status of Formosa [Taiwan] must await the restoration of security in the Pacific, a peace settlement with Japan, or consideration by the United Nations.”

Peace with Japan was settled in 1952, but the San Francisco treaty’s designation of the US military as the temporary sovereign of Taiwan remains unchanged.

The Three Joint Communiques and the Taiwan Relations Act are repeatedly quoted as US policy on the Taiwan issue. The US has clearly separated China and Taiwan on written documents. The “one China” issue is now China’s issue. The Taiwan Relations Act says Taiwan is not the Republic of China (ROC). Unfortunately, most Taiwanese still think Taiwan is the ROC and the ROC is Taiwan. That illusion has trapped Taiwan, excluding it from UN membership and making it the sole political orphan in the international community.

Public opinion was made clear at last month’s nine-in-one elections. Hopefully, the younger generation can look in-depth at the core issue of Taiwan’s international status. It is time to clearly separate Taiwan from the ROC and Taiwan from China. And Obama needs to be reminded that the US has unfinished business in Taiwan. Hopefully, he can fix it before his presidency ends.

John Hsieh
Hayward, California

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